- 90 percent of wealthy families lose that wealth by the third generation.
- Help heirs learn how to identify elite professionals who can help them.
- Show heirs how they can create goals and visions for what their wealth might accomplish.
Inheritors have a habit of losing the family assets that come to them. To help ensure that doesn’t happen, it’s imperative that you set up any heirs on your wealth transfer list for success in managing wealth.
But the key steps to take may not be the ones you automatically think of. Here’s how you can start educating your loved ones about being good stewards of wealth.
Wealth in jeopardy
We find that matriarchs and patriarchs are often worried about their children’s and grandchildren’s ability to take good care of the money and other assets they will one day inherit.
They have reason to be concerned. Consider that 70 percent of wealthy families lose their wealth by the second generation—and a staggering 90 percent see that wealth gone by the third generation, according to the Williams Group wealth consultancy.
That’s one reason why wealthy business owners often take steps to prepare heirs to take the reins of the company. That might mean giving the child hands-on involvement within the business—learning from the ground up. There are also many organizations and professionals—from business schools to life coaches, and from consultants to trusted advisors—that can provide instructional services to inheritors of family businesses.
But what about inheritors who won’t have managerial roles—passive owners? Likewise, what about heirs who may receive investment assets only—such as a sizable portfolio of liquid securities like stocks, bonds and mutual funds?
These heirs need to know how to manage their assets intelligently and effectively so that the wealth they’re entrusted with grows instead of shrinks—or worse, vanishes.
Help that resonates
But it’s important to help educate your heirs in ways that they’ll respond to and act on—otherwise, your efforts to enlighten them might be wasted.
Based on extensive conversations and work with wealthy inheritors, we find that the great majority are not interested in learning even the basics of money management and wealth planning. They want to turn to professionals to invest their assets and help them deal with the range of planning issues they may face—from tax matters to protecting their fortunes from legal challenges.
Wealthy heirs—the second, third and fourth generations—as well as others who may inherit significant wealth (such as spouses) tend to share two overarching goals:
Goal No. 1: Find and work with talented investment professionals and high-end wealth planners. Very few wealthy inheritors personally manage their substantial inheritances, in our experience. Most turn over the day-to-day responsibilities to professionals. Even when an heir takes an active role—such as in making direct investments in private companies—professional advisors are usually part of the effort.
That means it’s important to help heirs learn how to distinguish a trustworthy advisor from one lacking the necessary capabilities—or from a Charles Ponzi type seeking to swindle them.
We find the most effective way to find high-caliber experts is to take a page from the playbook of the family patriarchs and matriarchs—who also tend to enlist professionals instead of fully taking the wealth management reins. The three main avenues the exceptionally wealthy use to find professionals to help guide them in managing wealth are:
- Referrals from other professionals. High-end professionals typically know other types of high-end professionals. Finding a wealth planner or money manager this way is a very astute risk-reduction approach.
- Referrals from peers. This approach is much more common among heirs than among the older generation, as many of them have crossed paths at colleges and private enclaves.
- Prominence in the private wealth industry. Some professionals have a powerful and influential brand that draws the wealthy and other leading authorities to them. Stature in the field also is important in getting other professionals or peers to recommend them.
In addition, four core criteria are central in selecting high-caliber investment advisors and wealth planners:
1. Proven integrity. By being meticulous in making sure you choose a professional with the highest integrity, you can avoid the problems and wealth destruction that can occur if you work with predatory advisors who seek to exploit you.
2. A sense of purpose and a deep concern for clients. Elite professionals generally are driven and see their ability to deliver their expertise to their clients as a calling. Moreover, they are truly committed to making the lives of their clients meaningfully better in accord with the clients’ wishes and requirements.
3. Operational transparency. It’s essential that a professional be completely open and forthright with you. This takes a number of forms, including being very clear about the right to obtain second or third opinions—or whatever you want in order to verify the viability of the solutions proposed. Another aspect of operational transparency is fee clarity—knowing exactly what you will be charged for specific products or services.
4. Extensive technical expertise. It is usually necessary to consider numerous factors in order to effectively evaluate the technical competence of a money manager or wealth planner, including track record, professional experiences, and recognition from peers in the financial and legal communities.
Goal No. 2: Form a general understanding of what can potentially be accomplished. Even though inheritors may not care to learn at an in-depth level how specific legal strategies and investment products work, they often tell us they want to have a big-picture understanding of what they can accomplish with their wealth. Essentially, they seek to understand the impact their inherited wealth can have—on their families, their communities and even the world at large.
The upshot: Inheritors can benefit from getting help developing their wealth agendas so that their assets can be positioned (by a professional) to support those goals. Getting this type of high-level guidance in creating a vision for one’s wealth often means working with an elite wealth manager who focuses upfront on helping clients define their financial values and goals.
All that said, some inheritors do want to learn and be involved in the technical aspects of investment management and wealth planning. If that describes your likely heirs, know that there are organizations that provide programs for teaching the mechanics of investment management to the next generation.
Example: A variety of firms (from wealth management companies to private banks to multi- and virtual-family offices) have developed instructional programs explaining how the markets and specific investments work. These programs address a wide array of issues, from the basic (such as asset allocation) to more advanced investment management concepts (such as investment selection techniques and various forms of fundamental and technical market analysis).
When it comes to wealth planning, the focus is usually on an overview of the different types of planning services. Sometimes, the basics surrounding the tools and techniques—such as trusts, partnerships and life insurance—are explained.
Wealth Planning Overview
Wealth planning is an umbrella term for various planning specialties. The following are the commonly cited planning specialties:
- Income tax planning focuses on proper timing and control of your taxable income and cash flow.
- Estate planning involves using legal strategies and financial products to determine the future disposition of current and projected assets.
- Marital and partner relations planning entails preparing for disruptions in the relationships between spouses or other partners.
- Business succession planning principally deals with tax-efficiently transitioning the business to others, whether they are family members or not.
- Asset protection planning entails employing legally accepted concepts and strategies to ensure a person’s wealth is not unjustly taken from him or her.
- Charitable tax planning addresses ways to be philanthropic in the most tax-efficient manner.
In practice, there are considerable overlap and synergistic possibilities among planning specialties. For example, an irrevocable trust with the primary purpose of transferring wealth to heirs (estate planning) may also have asset protection characteristics.
The importance of investment education for all
The wealthiest families, simply because they have the most wealth, may be especially concerned about how their children will shepherd the wealth they have created. But getting educated on the basics of personal financial management and how to seek out high-quality expert guidance is a vital step for just about everyone. You don’t need to be a member of the top 1 percent or even the top 50 percent of Americans in terms of wealth to benefit from learning how to better manage your own wealth, get the help you need and avoid professionals who don’t have your best interests at heart.
Indeed, taking the right steps to help your children, grandchildren and other loved ones become informed about managing their wealth and accessing expert guidance could be just what helps them achieve the highest levels of personal and professional success.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT:This article was published by the VFO Inner Circle, a global financial concierge group working with affluent individuals and families and is distributed with its permission. Copyright 2020 by AES Nation, LLC.
This report is intended to be used for educational purposes only and does not constitute a solicitation to purchase any security or advisory services. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. An investment in any security involves significant risks and any investment may lose value. Refer to all risk disclosures related to each security product carefully before investing. Securities offered through Integrated Financial Partners. Homer Smith is a registered representative of Konvergent Wealth Partners. Konvergent Wealth Partners and Homer Smith are not affiliated with AES Nation, LLC. AES Nation, LLC is the creator and publisher of the VFO Inner Circle Flash Report.